Macular degeneration

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Macular degeneration

What is macular degeneration?

Macular degeneration is a common condition that affects the middle part of your vision. There are 2 types; dry macular degeneration (dry AMD) and wet macular degeneration (wet AMD).

What are the symptoms of macular degeneration?

Macular degeneration can make things such as reading, watching TV or recognising faces become difficult.

Other symptoms include:

  • Straight lines appear wavy or kinked

  • Struggling to follow lines when reading

  • Colours appearing less bright than usual


What causes macular degeneration?

There are a number of risk factors for macular degeneration such as:

  • Age

  • Smoking

  • Family history

  • Race

  • Prolonged exposure to UV


What treatment is available?

Dry macular degeneration: There is currently no available treatment for dry AMD. However lifestyle adjustments can be made to help slow the progression of the condition, such as taking nutritional supplements and cessation of smoking.

Wet macular degeneration: Injections can be given as a form of treatment for wet AMD, if your optometrist suspects wet AMD you will be referred on to the hospital for treatment.